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Journal of Cancer Prevention


Cancer prevention research 2005; 10(1): 67-71

Published online March 30, 2005

© Korean Society of Cancer Prevention

Antimutagenic Effects of Aqueous Fraction from Houttuynia Cordata in Ames Test System

Jeung-Ha Kil1, Eun-Young Kim1, Chang-Suk Kong1, So-Hee Kim2 and Kun-Young Park1


The antimutagenic effects of methanol extracts of sun dried and freeze dried Houttuynia cordata (HC) using Salmonella typhimurium TA100 in the Ames test system were evaluated. The methanol extract of freeze dried HC showed higher antimutagenic effect against aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) than that of sun-dried HC by approx. 10%. Whereas, the inhibitory activity of the methanol extracts of the HC on N-methyl- N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) was somewhat lower compared to AFB1. The separated fractions from the methanol extract showed strong antimutagenic activities both in chloroform and aqueous fractions against AFB1. However, in case of MNNG, the aqueous fraction exhibited antimutagenic effect while the chloroform fraction did not show the antimutagenic activities. From this results, the lipid soluble (chloroform) fraction from the methanol extract of HC exhibited strong antimutagenic effect on AFB1 which is an indirect mutagen, but not on MNNG which is a direct mutagen, however, the aqueous fraction from the methanol extract of HC showed strong antimutagenic effects both on AFB1 and MNNG. The aqueous fraction of HC which generally be prepared as a folk medicine or tea proved to have the antimutagenic activity in this study. (Cancer Prev Res 10, 67-72, 2005)

Keywords: Houttuynia cordata Thunb, Aqueous fraction, Antimutagenicity, Ames test

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