Journal of Cancer Prevention

eISSN 2288-3657
pISSN 2288-3649

Phytochemical and nutritional composition of beetroot

No Class Compound (synonym) References
1 Betalains Betaxanthin [15,16]
Betacyanin Betanin (betanidin 5-O-beta-glucoside) [17,27]
Isobetanin (isobetanidin 5-O-beta-glucoside)
Prebetanin (betanidin 5-O-(6'-sulfate)-beta-glucoside)
Neobetanin (neobetanidin 5-O-beta-glucoside)
Amaranthin (betanidin 5-O-sophorobiuronic acid) [20-23]
Lampranthin I
Lampranthin II
2 Phenolics Betalains Vulgaxanthin I [20,67]
Vulgaxanthin II
Indicaxanthin
Betanin (betanidin 5-O-beta-glucoside)
Isobetanin (isobetanidin 5-O-beta-glucoside)
Prebetanin (betanidin 5-O-(6'-sulfate)-beta-glucoside)
Neobetanin (neobetanidin 5-O-beta-glucoside)
Non-betalains 5,5,6,6-tetrahydroxy-3,3-biindolyl [27-27,34]
5,6-dihydroxyindolecarboxylic acid
N-trans-feruloyltyramine
N-trans-feruloylhomovanillylamine
4-hydroxybenzoic acid
Chlorogenic acid
Caffeic acid
Catechin hydrate
Epicatechin
3 Flavonoids Betagarin (5,2-dimethoxy-6,7-methylenedioxyflavanone) [20,24,26,31-31,34]
Betavulgarin (2′-hydroxy-5-methoxy-6,7-methylenedioxyisoflavone)
Cochliophilin A (5-hydroxy-6,7-methylenedioxyflavone)
Dihydroisorhamnetin (3,4',5,7-tetrahydroxy-3'-methoxyflavanone)
3,5-dihydroxy-6,7-methylenedioxyisoflavanone
2,5-dihydroxy-6,7-methylenedioxyisoflavone
Quercetin (3,5,7,3',4'-pentahydroxyflavone)
Rutin (3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxyflavone-3-rutinoside)
Kaempferol (3,4',5,7-tetrahydroxyflavone)
4 Volatiles 4-methylpyridine [32,33]
Pyridine
Dimethylsulfide
Isovaleraldehyde
Ethanol
Isopentanol
Furfural (2-Furaldehyde)
Geosmin (trans l, lO-dimethyl-trans-9-decalol)
5 Nutritional Mineral Calcium [34,35,39,42]
Magnesium
Potassium
Sodium
Vitamin Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Carbohydrate Sucrose
Fat Fatty acids
Amino acid Essential amino acids (EAA)
Non-essential amino acids (NEAA) – Glutamic acid
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
Others Dietary nitrate (NO3-)
Dietary fiber
J Cancer Prev 2021;26:1~17 https://doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2021.26.1.1
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