Journal of Cancer Prevention

eISSN 2288-3657
pISSN 2288-3649

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Fig. 1. A continuum of research approaches is used for studying diet and cancer prevention. Population-based cohorts followed longitudinally identify risk factors for cancer in humans. Diets, foods or dietary constituents associated with cancer risk in cohort studies can be tested experimentally in animals to evaluate their effect on tumorigenesis. Mechanisms identified in cell systems and animals can be followed up in human interventions and cohort studies using biomarkers of cancer-risk pathways. The impact of diet-gene interactions can be tested, both experimentally and observationally, across the research continuum.
J Cancer Prev 2020;25:65~69
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