Journal of Cancer Prevention

eISSN 2288-3657
pISSN 2288-3649

Univariate comparisons between survivor smokers who were ready to quit and not ready to quit within 6 months (N = 110)

Variable Ready to quit within 6 months (n = 72)  Not ready to quit within 6 months (n = 38) P-valueb
Age (yr)56.8 ± 12.562.2 ± 10.60.0263*
Gender (male)45.154.10.3752
Race0.5729
 White57.857.9
 Non-white39.442.1
 Multiracial2.80.0
Marital status (married)46.542.10.6618
Education0.3211
 Less than high school16.921.1
 Diploma or general education development36.647.4
 Some college46.531.6
Cancer status0.3327
 Evaluation12.910.5
 Diagnoses12.92.6
 Treatment61.473.7
 Remission12.913.2
Lung and/or bronchus cancer34.718.40.0735
Other tobacco product use
 Smokeless tobacco9.77.90.7512
 Snus5.62.60.4839
 Hookah4.22.60.6826
 Roll your own tobacco5.621.10.0132*
 Cigarillo1.410.50.0287*
 Electronic cigarettes20.85.30.0317*
Years smoked currently32.1 ± 13.738.2 ± 12.40.0240*
Daily use88.494.70.2816
Average cigarettes per day12.9 ± 10.614.4 ± 9.50.4918
Trying to quit now84.528.9<0.0001*
Tried to quit in the past84.756.80.0014*
Times tried to quit5.3 ± 5.84.0 ± 2.70.1669
Self-efficacy to quita4.0 ± 1.12.5 ± 1.0<0.0001*
Believe smoking contributed to cancer48.416.10.0023*
Tried to quit when diagnosed with cancer61.817.7<0.0001*
Doctor advised to quit75.072.20.7585
Doctor provided smoking cessation resources38.251.40.1945
Methods tried
 Nicotine replacement therapy78.688.90.2698
 Medication prescription80.082.40.7838
 Cold turkey58.384.60.0211*
 Group program96.9100.00.5345
 Counseling96.9100.00.5366
 Telephone quit line93.997.20.4538
 Electronic cigarettes90.491.70.8370
Perceived benefit of quittinga4.2 ± 1.02.8 ± 1.6<0.0001*
Quitting would increase chances of cancer survivala3.4 ± 1.32.5 ± 1.30.0008*
Quitting would decrease cancer recurrencea3.5 ± 1.12.2 ± 1.2<0.0001*
I continued to smoke because···a
 I never intended to stay tobacco free1.4 ± 1.02.6 ± 1.70.0008*
 I was too stressed and anxious about my cancer3.0 ± 1.73.4 ± 1.70.2982
 To alleviate boredom2.1 ± 1.31.8 ± 1.40.2679
 Other smokers around me continued to smoke2.6 ± 1.62.7 ± 1.70.8020
 I was feeling depressed2.5 ± 1.62.2 ± 1.70.3742
 I was drinking alcohol2.2 ± 1.51.5 ± 1.20.0229*
 I was concerned about gaining weight2.0 ± 1.51.4 ± 1.10.0377*
FND Score Categories3.7 ± 1.93.9 ± 2.10.4663

Values are presented as mean ± SD or percent only.

Measured on a five-point Likert scale with 5 being a higher endorsement for the item.

Chi-square or exact P-value for %; or t-test for means.

P < 0.05.

Journal of Cancer Prevention 2018;23:44~50 https://doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2018.23.1.44
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