Journal of Cancer Prevention

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Fig. 3.

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Fig. 3. Effect of carnosic acid (CA) on the ratio of palmitoleate : palmitate (C16:1/C16:0) (A) and oleate : stearate (C18:1/C18:0) (B) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Preadipocytes were grown to confluency (day 0) and induced to differentiate with an optimized adipocyte differentiation medium in the presence of CA (0.1, 1, and 10 μM) throughout differentiation. After differentiation (day 8), cellular lipids were extracted and the fatty acid composition was analyzed using gas chromatography. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation (n = 4). a,b,cMeans with the different letters at each sample are significantly different from each other (P < 0.05) using Duncan’s multiple-range test.
Journal of Cancer Prevention 2015;20:41~49
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