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Journal of Cancer Prevention

Standard Abbreviations

Standard Abbreviations

Journal of Cancer Prevention provides a list of standard abbreviations. Standard Abbreviations are defined as those that may be used without explanation (e.g., DNA). Abbreviations not on the Standard Abbreviations list should be spelled out at first mention in both the abstract and the text. Abbreviations should not be used in titles; however, running titles may carry abbreviations for brevity


ADP, dAD adenosine diphosphate, deoxyadenosine diphosphate
AMP, dAMP  adenosine monophosphate, deoxyadenosine monophosphate
ANOVA analysis of variance
AP-1 activator protein-1
ATP, dATP adenosine triphosphate, deoxyadenosine triphosphate
bp base pair(s)
CDP, dCDP cytidine diphosphate, deoxycytidine diphosphate
CMP, dCMP cytidine monophosphate, deoxycytidine monophosphate
CNBr cyanogen bromide
cDNA complementary DNA
CoA coenzyme A
COOH a functional group consisting of a carbonyl and a hydroxyl, which has the formula –C(=O)OH, usually written as COOH
COX cyclooxygenase
cRNA complementary RNA; RNA that anneals to cellular DNA
CTP, dCTP cytidine triphosphate, deoxycytidine triphosphate
cAMP cyclic adenosine monophosphate
DHEA dehydroepiandrosterone
DEAE diethylaminoethyl
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
dsDNA double stranded DNA
EGF epidermal growth factor
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EtOH ethanol
FBS fetal bovine serum
FISH fluorescence in situ hybridization
GDP, dGDP guanosine diphosphate, deoxyguanosine diphosphate
GMP, dGMP guanosine monophosphate, deoxyguanosine monophosphate
GTP, dGTP guanosine triphosphate, deoxyguanosine triphosphate
GVHD graft-versus-host disease
HER2 human epidermal growth factor receptor 2
HSP heat shock protein
IC50 half maximal inhibitory concentration
IDP, dIDP inosine diphosphate, deoxyinosine diphosphate
IFN interferon
IMP, dIMP inosine monophosphate, deoxyinosine monophosphate
IR infrared
ITP, dITP inosine triphosphate, deoxyinosine triphosphate
LOH loss of heterozygosity
MDR multiple drug resistance
MHC major histocompatibility complex
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
mRNA messenger RNA
MTS 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)- 2H-tetrazolium
mTOR mammalian target of rapamycin
MTT 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide
NAD, NADH nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
NADP, NADPH nicotinamide adnine dinucleotide phosphate, reduced nicotinamide adnine dinucleotide phosphate
NF-κB nuclear factor kappa-light-chain- enhancer of activated B cells
NOS nitric oxide synthase
PARP poly (ADP-ripose) polymerase
PBS phosphate-buffered saline
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PPAR peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor
Pi, PPi orthophosphate, pyrophosphate
rDNA ribosomal DNA
Rf retardation factor
RFLP restriction fragment length polymorphism
RIA radioimmunoassay
RPMI Roswell Park Memorial Institute
rRNA ribosomal RNA
SDS sodium dodecyl sulfate
SDS PAGE sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
sRNA soluble RNA
ssDNA single stranded DNA
STAT3 signal transducers and activators of transcription 3
SV40 simian virus 40
TBS Tris-buffered saline
TEAE triethylaminoethyl
TGF transforming growth factor
TNF tumor necrosis factor
VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor
UV ultraviolet
w/v weight per volume
w/w weight for weight


Aces or ACES N-(2-acetamido)-2-aminoethanesulfonic acid
Ada or ADA N-(2-acetamido)iminodiacetic acid
Bes or BES N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-aminoethanesulfonic acid
Bicine N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)glycine
Bis-tris or BIS-TRIS 2-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino-2- (hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol or bis (2-hydroxyethyl)amino-tris(hydroxymethyl) methane
CAPS N-cyclohexyl-3-aminopropanesulfonic acid
CDTA cyclohexylenedinitrilotetraacetate
Chaps or CHAPS 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl) dimethylammonio]-1- propanesulfonate
CHAPSO 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-2- hydroxy-1-propanesulfonate
Ches or CHES N-cyclohexyl-2-aminoethanesulfonic acid
EDTA ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
EGTA ethyleneglycoltetracetic acid
HEPES 2-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl] ethanesulfonic acid 
HEPPS 3-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl] propane-1-sulfonic acid
MES 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid or 2-morpholin-4-ylethanesulfonic acid
MOPS 3-morpholinopropane-1-sulfonic acid or 4-morpholinepropanesulfonic acid
PIPES piperazine-N,N'-bis(2-ethanesulfonic acid) or 1,4-piperazinediethanesulfonic acid
TAPS 3-{[1,3-dihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl) propan-2-yl]amino}propane-1-sulfonic acid or N-tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl-3- aminopropanesulfonic acid
TEMED N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine
TES 2-{[1,3-dihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl) propan-2-yl]amino}ethanesulfonic acid or N-tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl-2- aminoethanesulfonic acid
Tricine N-[2-hydroxy-1,1-bis(hydroxymethyl)ethyl] glycine or N-[tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl] glycine
Tris N-tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane or 2-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)propane-1,3-diol

Measurements and Units of Measu

Combining Prefixes

Combining Prefixes
T tera- (1012)
G giga- (109)
M mega- (106)
k kilo- (103)
h hecto- (102)
da deca- (101)
d deci- (10–1)
c centi- (10–2)
m milli- (10–3)
m micro- (10–6)
n nano- (10–9)
p pico- (10–12)
f femto- (10–15)
a atto- (10–18)


A ampere(s)
Å angstrom(s)
cal calorie(s)
CFU colony-forming unit(s)
C coulomb(s)
cpm counts per minute
cps counts per second
cm3 cubic centimeter(s) (not cc)
Ci Curie(s)
cycle/min cycles per minute
cycle/s cycles per second
Da dalton(s)
d day(s)
dL deciliter
oC degree(s) Celsius
d density
dpm disintegrations per minute
dps disintegrations per second
eV electron volt(s)
Eq equivalent(s)
oF degree(s) Fahrenheit
F farad
ft foot
G gauss
g gravity
t1/2 half-life
H henry(ies)
Hz hertz
h hour(s)
in inch(es)
IU international unit(s)
J joule(s)
K kelvin
kcal kilocalorie(s)
kDa kilodalton(s)
kg kilogram(s)
L liter(s)
× magnification
m meter(s)
μg microgram(s)
μL microliter(s)
μm micrometers (do not use microns)
μS microsecond(s)
mL milliliter(s)
mmHg millimeter(s) of mercury
min minute(s)
mo month(s)
mol/L molar
mol mole(s)
ms millisecond(s)
Ω ohm(s)
osm osmole(s)
oz ounces(s)
Pa pascal(s)
lb pound(s)
psi pound-force per square inch
rpm revolutions per minute
rps revolutions per second
s second(s)
V volts(s)
W watt(s)
wk week(s)
yr year(s)

Statistical Terms

Statistical Terms
ANOVA analysis of variance
CI confidence interval
r correlation coefficient
df degrees of freedom
X mean
NS not significant
n number of observations
OR odds ratio
P probability
SD standard deviation
SE standard error
SEM standard error of the mean
F variance ratio

General Information

General Information
Drug names. Please use generic names wherever possible. If a trade name was used in the study being reported, please write it in parentheses, along with the manufacturer’s name and location. Chemical names. Chemical names should be spelled and styled
Chemical names. N-(2-acetamido)iminodiacetic acid
Bes or BES Chemical names should be spelled and styled according to the Merck Index, 10th edition.
Manufacturers. When the use of specific scientific equipment or other products is cited in the manuscript, the manufacturer’s full name, city/town, state, and country should be given in the parenthesis immediately after the citation. If other equipments or products from the same manufacturer are cited later in the paper, the manu-facturer’s name only should be given in the parenthesis.
JCP All Issue
Vol.29 No.2
June 30, 2024
eISSN 2288-3657
pISSN 2288-3649

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