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Table. 6.

Table. 6.

Description of studies that examined the relationship between physical activity and prostate cancer

Reference (first author) Design Country No. of cases Measure of risk Risk 95% CI
Bairati (2000) [134] CC Canada 8 OR 0.20 0.10–0.40
Clarke (2000) [135] Coh USA 17 SMR 0.79 0.46–1.36
Doolan (2014) [136] CC Australia 494 OR 1.19 0.97–1.46
Friedenreich (2004) [137] CC Canada 255 OR 0.90 0.66–1.23
Grotta (2015) [138] Coh Sweden 107 HR 0.85 0.67–1.08
Hartman (1998) [139] Coh USA 28 RR 1.20 0.74–1.95
Hrafnkelsdóttir (2015) [140] Coh Island 450 HR 0.84 0.74–0.95
Lacey (2001) [141] CC China 39 OR 2.9 1.30–6.47
Le Marchand (1991) [142] CC USA 37 OR 0.80 0.50–1.28
Lund Håheim (2006) [143] Coh Norway 507 RR 0.86 0.53–1.40
Lund Nilsen (2000) [144] Coh Sweden 116 RR 1.04 0.82–1.32
Orsini (2009) [145] Coh Sweden 111 RR 0.72 0.58–0.89
Pierotti (2005) [146] CC Italy 386 OR 0.75 0.61–0.92
Sass-Kortsak (2007) [147] CC Canada 205 OR 1.33 1.02–1.73
Severson (1989) [148] Coh USA 169 RR 1.05 0.73–1.51
Thune (1994) [149] Coh Norway 25 RR 0.81 0.50–1.31
Wiklund (2008) [150] CC Sweden 309 OR 0.84 0.66–1.07
Zeegers (2005) [151] Coh The Netherlands 154 RR 0.91 0.70–1.18

CI, confidence interval; CC, case control study; Coh, cohort study; OR, odds ratio; SMR, standardized mortality ratio; HR, hazard ratio; RR, relative risk.

Journal of Cancer Prevention 2019;24:91-111 https://doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2019.24.2.91
© 2019 Journal of Cancer Prevention