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Table. 5.

Table. 5.

Description of studies examining the association between shift work and flight personnel, and prostate cancer

References (first author) Design Country Exposure No. of cases Measure of risk Risk 95% CI
Shift work
 Conlon (2007) [125] CC Canada Rotating shift 369 OR 1.19 1.00–1.42
 Gapstur (2014) [126] Coh USA Rotating shift 268 RR 1.13 1.00–1.28
Permanent afternoon/evening 55 RR 1.35 1.04–1.75
Permanent night 16 RR 0.78 0.47–1.29
 Kubo (2006) [127] Coh Japan Rotating shift 7 RR 3.0 1.20–7.30
 Papantoniou (2015) [128] CC Spain Permanent night 156 OR 1.10 0.86–1.41
Rotating night shift 206 OR 1.17 0.93–1.47
 Parent (2012) [129] CC Canada Night shift 132 OR 2.77 1.96–3.91
 Yong (2014) [130] Coh Germany Rotating shift including night 146 RR 0.95 0.76–1.19
Flight personel
 Band (1996) [131] Coh Canada Pilots 34 SIR 1.87 1.38–2.53
 Irvine (1999) [132] Coh Great Britain Pilots 15 SMR 1.11 0.62–1.99
 Hammer (2014) [133] Coh 9 countries inEurope and USA Pilots 114 SMR 1.23 0.98–1.54
Cabin crew 17 SMR 0.75 0.40–1.41

CI, confidence interval; CC, case control study; Coh, cohort study; OR, odds ratio; RR, relative risk; SIR, standardized incidence ratio; SMR, standardized mortality ratio.

Journal of Cancer Prevention 2019;24:91-111 https://doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2019.24.2.91
© 2019 Journal of Cancer Prevention