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Table. 4.

Table. 4.

Description of studies examining the association between chromium and prostate cancer

Reference (first author) Design Country Exposure No. of cases Measure of risk Risk 95% CI
Axelsson (1980) [117] Coh Sweden Ferrochromium workers 10 SMR 1.10 0.68–1.78
Gibb (2000) [118] Coh USA Chromium chemical production 16 SMR 1.22 1.00–1.49
Huvinen (2013) [119] Coh Finland Ferrochromium, stainless steel 89 SIR 1.31 1.05–1.63
Jakobsson (1997) [120] Coh Sweden Grinding stainless steel 36 SIR 1.70 1.20–2.41
Knutsson (2000) [121] Coh Sweden Concrete 769 SIR 1.08 1.01–1.15
Langård (1990) [122] Coh Norway Ferrochromium 12 SMR 1.56 0.68–3.58
Rafnsson (1997) [123] Coh Island Masons 25 SIR 1.04 0.67–1.61
Sorahan (2000) [124] Coh Great Britain Chrome platers 7 SMR 1.06 0.43–2.61

CI, confidence interval; Coh, cohort study; SMR, standardized mortality ratio; SIR, standardized incidence ratio.

Journal of Cancer Prevention 2019;24:91-111 https://doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2019.24.2.91
© 2019 Journal of Cancer Prevention