Journal of Cancer Prevention : pISSN 2288-3649 / eISSN 2288-3657

Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Description of studies examining the association between organochlorine pesticides and prostate cancer

Reference (first author) Design Country Exposure No. of cases Measure of risk Risk 95% CI
Alavanja (2003) [101] Coh USA Organochlorine pesticides 47 OR 1.39 0.99–1.95
Aronson (2010) [102] CC Canada DDE 24 OR 0.73 0.38–1.40
DDT 26 OR 1.05 0.55–2.00
Trans-nonachlor 22 OR 0.83 0.42–1.64
Oxychlordane 24 OR 0.95 0.49–1.84
Hexachlorobenzene 29 OR 1.27 0.66–2.44
Mirex 24 OR 0.58 0.32–1.05
β-hexachlorocyclo-hexane 29 OR 1.08 0.57–2.05
Asp (1994) [103] Coh Finland Chlorophenoxy 6 SIR 0.37 0.14–0.98
Burns (2001) [104] Coh USA 2,4-D 7 SMR 1.34 0.54–3.33
Coggon (2015) [105] Coh Great Britain Fenoxy 129 SMR 1.14 0.92–1.41
Fritschi (2007) [92] CC Australia Organochlorine pesticides 36 OR 0.76 0.33–1,75
Hardell (2006) [106] CC Sweden Chlordane 15 OR 1.50 0.50–4.50
Kogevinas (1997) [107] Coh 9 countries Phenoxy, chlorophenol 68 SMR 1.10 0.85–1.42
Koutros (2013) [108] Coh USA Aldrin 64 RR 1.25 0.97–1.61
Chlordane 58 RR 1.02 0.78–1.33
DDT 95 RR 1.18 0.95–1.47
Dieldrin 18 RR 0.93 0.58–1.49
Heptachlor 44 RR 1.05 0.78–1.41
Lindane 39 RR 1.16 0.84–1.60
Toxaphene 38 RR 0.97 0.70–1.34
Lee (2004) [109] Coh USA Alachlor 325 SIR 1.16 1.04–1.29
Lynge (1998) [110] Coh Denmark Phenoxy 15 SIR 1.00 0.60–1.67
Mills (2003) [111] CC USA Chlorothalonil 135 OR 1.06 0.71–1.58
Dichloropropene 131 OR 1.00 0.68–1.47
Dicofol 131 OR 0.94 0.65–1.36
Heptachlor 140 OR 1.35 0.91–2.00
Lindane 129 OR 1.32 0.88–1.98
Mozzachio (2008) [112] Coh USA Chlorothalonil 23 RR 0.79 0.52–1.20
Multigner (2010) [113] CC French West Indies Chlordecone 161 OR 1.27 0.93–1.73
Ritchie (2003) [114] CC USA Dialdrin 58 OR 0.28 0.09–0.87
Heptachlor 58 OR 0.33 0.10–1.09
Trans-nonachlor 58 OR 1.18 0.45–3.09
Oxychlordane 58 OR 1.23 0.42–3.60
Samanic (2006) [115] Coh USA Dicamba 67 RR 1.08 0.81–1.44
Sawada (2010) [116] CC Japan o,p′-DDT 47 OR 1.07 0.59–1.94
p,p′-DDT 46 OR 1.02 0.57–1.83
DDE 53 OR 0.96 0.58–1.59
Trans-nonachlor 52 OR 0.83 0.43–1.60
Cis-nonachlor 51 OR 0.84 0.45–1.57
Oxychlordane 49 OR 0.77 0.39–1.52
HCB 42 OR 0.49 0.21–1.14
Mirex 56 OR 0.95 0.54–1.67
β-HCH 43 OR 0.78 0.46–1.32

CI, confidence interval; Coh, cohort study; CC, case control study; OR, odds ratio; SIR, standardized incidence ratio; SMR, standardized mortality ratio; RR, relative risk.

Journal of Cancer Prevention 2019;24:91-111 https://doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2019.24.2.91
© 2019 Journal of Cancer Prevention