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Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Description of studies examining the association between pesticides and prostate cancer

Reference (first author) Design Country Exposure No. of cases Measure of risk Risk 95% CI
Alberghini (1991) [83] Coh Italy Pesticide users 19 SMR 0.59 0.28–1.24
Beard (2003) [84] Coh Australia Laboratory staff 16 SIR 1.05 0.46–2.40
Boers (2005) [85] Coh The Netherlands General population 32 RR 0.64 0.41–1.00
Cantor (1999) [86] Coh USA Pesticide users 140 SMR 1.40 0.87–2.25
Dich (1998) [87] Coh Sweden Pesticide users 401 SIR 1.13 1.02–1.25
Ewings (1996) [88] CC Great Britain Pesticide users 97 OR 0.68 0.44–1.05
Figà-Talamanca (1993) [89] Coh Italy Pesticide users 6 SMR 1.00 0.37–2.73
Fleming (1999) [90] Coh USA Pesticide users 353 SIR 1.91 1.72–2.12
Fleming (2003) [91] Coh USA Pesticide users 22 RR 1.30 0.80–2.11
Fritschi (2007) [92] CC Australia Pesticide users 52 OR 1.02 0.69–1.51
Frost (2011) [93] Coh Great Britain Pesticide users 205 SIR 1.07 0.93–1.23
Koutros (2010) [94] Coh USA Private users,commercial users 1,719 SIR 1.19 1.14–1.24
73 SIR 1.28 1.00–1.64
Meyer (2007) [95] CC USA Pesticide users 177 OR 1.60 1.20–2.13
Sperati (1999) [96] Coh Italy Pesticide users 5 SMR 0.80 0.26–2.46
Subahir (2009) [97] CC Malaysia Pesticide exposure 9 OR 2.40 1.11–5.19
Torchio (1994) [98] Coh Italy Pesticide users 66 SMR 0.96 0.74–1.25
van der Gulden (1995) [99] CC The Netherlands Pesticide users 72 OR 1.47 0.88–2.46
Zhong (1996) [100] Coh Island Pesticide users 10 SIR 0.70 0.33–1.48

CI, confidence interval; Coh, cohort study; CC, case control study; SMR, standardized mortality ratio; SIR, standardized incidence ratio; RR, relative risk; OR, odds ratio.

Journal of Cancer Prevention 2019;24:91-111 https://doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2019.24.2.91
© 2019 Journal of Cancer Prevention