Journal of Cancer Prevention

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Fig. 1. Exposure sources and routes of endocrine disruptors in human. (A) Humans are exposed to endocrine disruptors directly or indirectly. Direct is through raw substance such as pharmaceutical including endocrine disruptors and phytoestrogens in plants. Indirect is exposure from foods treated with endocrine disruptors like pesticides and fungicides. (B) The major routes of human exposure. The fetus can be exposed by endocrine disruptors from the mother through the blood and breast milk. Cited from the article of Sharpe and Irvine (BMJ 2004;328:447-51) with original copyright holder’s permission.5
Journal of Cancer Prevention 2015;20:12~24 https://doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2015.20.1.12
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